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The amplitude and width of the pulses is kept constant. Retrieved December 28, Pulse-Frequency Modulation PFM is a modulation method for representing an analog signal using only two levels 1 and 0.

Views Read Edit View history. All of this done at the expense of output voltage and current ripple, which increases as a result of the reduction in switching frequency and the gap pulse frequency modulation pdf download pulse trains.

The frequency of these pulse trains is then varied to produce the desired output voltage with the aid of the output filter capacitor. PFM is a method of encoding analog signals into trains of square pulses, and therefore has a wide variety of applications.

Pulse-frequency modulation – Wikipedia

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. This page was last edited on 4 Octoberat From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Unlike PWM, in which the width of square pulses is varied at constant frequencyPFM fixes the width of square pulses while varying the frequency. This is especially true in discontinuous mode operation, in which the inductor current drops below zero, pulse frequency modulation pdf download in the discharging of the output capacitor and even higher switching losses.

There are, however, select cases in which PFM mode is advantageous. There are practical difficulties in the design of electronics when working with non fixed frequencies, such as transmission line effects in board layout and magnetic component selection, so generally PWM mode is preferred.

Since the pulse frequency modulation pdf download current is never allowed to fall below zero, the output filter capacitor is not discharged and does not have to be recharged with every switching cycle to maintain the proper output voltage.

Quantized radio modulation modes. In other words, the frequency of the pulse train is varied in accordance with the instantaneous amplitude of the modulating signal at sampling intervals.

In medium to high loads, the DC resistance of buck converter switching elements tends to dominate the overall efficiency of pulse frequency modulation pdf download Buck Converter. The inductor is given known levels of peak current, which if chosen carefully in regards to saturation current can reduce switching losses in its magnetic pule. It is analogous to pulse-width modulation PWMin which the magnitude of an analog signal is encoded in the duty cycle of a square wave.

Pulse-frequency modulation

Pulse frequency modulation pdf download allows for a number of switching loss savings. When driving light loads, however, the effects of DC resistances are reduced and AC losses in the inductor, capacitor, and switching elements play a larger role in overall efficiency. Retrieved from ” https: PFM mode operation modilation the switching frequency to be reduced and for a control method that prevents the inductor current from dropping below zero during light loads.